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The Rise and Fall of the Stars and Bars: A Bibliography of Sources

By Dr. John Coski
Director of the Library and Research at the Museum of the Confederacy


***Coski, John M. "Battle Flag: A Brief History of America's Most Controversial Symbol." North & South. vol. 4, no. 7 (September 2001): 48-61.

**Coski, John M. "The Confederate Battle Flag in American History and Culture: A Photograph Essay." Southern Cultures. vol II, no. 2 (1996)

*Coski, John M. "The Confederate Battle Flag in Historical Perspective." Confederate Symbols in the Contemporary South. Edited by J. Michael Martinez, et. al. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2000.

Springer, Chris. "The Troubled Resurgence of the Confederate Flag," History Today 43 (June 1993): 7-9.
Available online at no charge to CRRL patrons through Expanded Academic ASAP database.

**Thornton, Kevin. "The Confederate Flag and the Meaning(s) of Southern History." Southern Cultures. vol. II, no. 2 (1996).

Historical Sources

**Bonner, Robert E. Colors and Blood: Flag Passions of the Confederate South. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2002.

*Cannon, Devereaux D., Jr. The Flags of the Confederacy: An Illustrated History. Memphis: St. Luke Press, 1988.

**Carter, Hodding. "Furl That Banner?" New York Times Magazine. 25 July 1965: 8-9+.

***"The Flag, Suh!" Life. October 1915: 64-66.

**Harrison, Peleg D. The Stars and Stripes and Other American Flags. Boston: Little Brown & Co., 1906. [includes chapters on Confederate flags with transcripts of correspondence with Beauregard, Miles and others]

***Madaus, Howard Michael and Richard Needham. The Battle Flags of the Confederate Army of Tennessee. Milwaukee: Milwaukee Public Library, 1976.

***Rivera, A.M. "National Disgrace Sweeping Country." Pittsburgh Courier. 29 September 1951: 5. [see other articles in this issue]

***Rollins, Richard. "The Damned Red Flags of the Rebellion": The Capture of Confederate Battle Flags at Gettysburg. Redondo Beach, California: Rank & File Publications, 1997.

*Taylor, John M. "Grover Cleveland and the Rebel Banners," Civil War Times Illustrated. September-October 1993: 22-24.

**Thornton, Kevin Pierce. "Symbolism at Ole Miss and the Crisis of Southern Identity." South Atlantic Quarterly 86 (Summer 1987): 254-268.

**"Those Rebel Flags." Newsweek. 24 September 1951: 24-25.

Court Decisions Involving Confederate Flags

Contact our law librarian for information on how to obtain copies of these decisions. These links may lead directly to the case, to supplemental information, or to case summaries.

Banks v. Muncie. 433 F. 2d. 292,298 (1970).

Melton v. Young. 328 F. Supp. 88 (1971).

Melton v. Young. 465 F. 2d. 1332 (1972).

NAACP v. Hunt. 891 F. 2d. 1555 (11 Cir. 1990).

Smith v. St. Tammany Parish School Board. 316 F. Supp. 1174 (1970).

Modern Controversies

*Bates, Eric. "Look Away: Why Are Southerners Still Fighting Over the Confederate Flag?" Southern Exposure 18 (Spring 1990): 35-37.

***Blount, Roy, Jr. "Loaded Symbols: The Confederate Flag." Southern magazine. 1987: 44-45.

Blum, Justin. "Some See Pride, Others Hatred." The Washington Post, 30 June 1993.
Available online at no charge to CRRL patrons through the NewsBank database.

***Forman, James, Jr. "Driving Dixie Down: Removing the Confederate Flag from Southern State Capitols," The Yale Law Journal. 101 (November 1991): 505-526.

***Hall, C. Ray. "A Clash of Symbols." The [Louisville] Courier-Journal Scene. February 25, 1995.

***Hinkle, Don. Embattled Banner: A Reasonable Defense of the Confederate Battle Flag. Paducah, KY: Turner Publishing, 1997.

*Horwitz, Tony. Confederates in the Attic: Dispatches from the Unfinished Civil War. New York: Random House, 1998.

**Lederman, Douglas. "Old Times Not Forgotten." The Chronicle of Higher Education. 29 October 1993.

*Martinez, J. Michael, William D. Richardson, & Ronald McNinch-Su, editors. Confederate Symbols in the Contemporary South. Tallahassee: University Press of Florida, 2000.

**Savage, Kirk. Standing Soldiers, Kneeling Slaves. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1997.

***Schedler, George. Racist Symbols and Reparations: Philosophical Reflections on Vestiges of the American Civil War. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 1998.

***Simmons, Geitner. "Embattled Emblem." Salisbury [North Carolina] Post. 5 March 1995.

***Stocker, Carol. "The War Between the Flags." Boston Globe. 10 April 1991: 67,72.

***Weeks, J. Devereaux. "Schools & the First Amendment." The South Carolina Policy Forum. 3 (Fall 1992): 7-13.

*Wellikoff, Alan. "The Object at Hand." Smithsonian. April 1994: 22-23.

Periodical Sources

Civil War News
Not available at Mary Washington College or the Central Rappahannock Regional Library.

*Confederate Veteran [new series], especially "Attacks on the Colors" section, 1988-
Available to browse in the CRRL's Virginiana section.

Southern Partisan
Not available at Mary Washington College or the Central Rappahannock Regional Library.


*These items are available at the Central Rappahannock Regional Library. Click on the title to go to the catalog entry, then place your request for the item.

**Available at Mary Washington College's Simpson Library. CRRL patrons may be able to obtain them through the interlibrary loan process. Click here to contact a librarian about an interlibrary loan.

***These articles and books are not available locally. You may contact a CRRL librarian to request them through interlibrary loan if you wish.

This webliography was compiled by Dr. John Coski, Director of the Library and Research at the Museum of the Confederacy, to accompany his lecture "The Rise and Fall of the Stars and Bars," on October 15, 2003.