Sir Francis Drake

The Pirate Queen: Queen Elizabeth I, Her Pirate Adventurers, and the Dawn of Empire

By Susan Ronald

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"Dubbed the 'pirate queen' by the Vatican and Philip II of Spain, Elizabeth I was feared and admired by her enemies. Extravagant, whimsical, and hot-tempered, she was the epitome of power. Her visionary accomplishments were made possible by her daring merchants, gifted rapscallion adventurers, astronomer philosophers, and her stalwart Privy Council. All these men contributed their genius, power, greed, and expertise to the advancement of England. Historian Ronald offers a fresh look at Elizabeth I, focusing on her uncanny instinct for financial survival and the superior intellect that propelled and sustained her rise. The foundation of Elizabeth's empire was built on a carefully choreographed strategy whereby piracy transformed England from an impoverished state on the fringes of Europe into the first building block of an empire that ultimately covered two-fifths of the world."

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The Defeat of the Spanish Armada

By Garrett Mattingly

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"Chronicling one of the most spectacular events of the sixteenth century, The Armada is the definitive story of the English fleet's dramatic defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588. The esteemed and critically acclaimed historian Garrett Mattingly explores all dimensions of the naval campaign that captured the attention of the European world and played a deciding role in the settlement of the New World."

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Sir Francis Drake: Navigator and Pirate

By Earle Rice, Jr.

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His enemies called him "El Draco" (the dragon) for his piratical ways. The English people called him a hero for his explorations around the world and his part in trouncing of the Spanish Armada.

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