Frontier and pioneer life

Colonial Living

By Edwin Tunis

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Describes the industries, schools, society, culture, and growth of the coastal settlements during the colonial period. Many illustrations.
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Frontier Life: Copyright-Free Illustrations for Lovers of History

By Bobbie Kalman

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Etchings and accompanying text depict various aspects of frontier life, including homes, hunting, and frontier towns.

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Early Christmas

By Bobbie Kalman

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Topics covered: How Christmas has changed -- Christmas in the wilderness -- Christmas at a trading post -- The story of a settler's first Christmas -- The religious side of Christmas -- Christmas in an early town -- Christmas fun in a pioneer village -- Decorations before the Christmas tree -- Wreaths, garlands, mistletoe and kissing boughs -- Christmas - family time -- Parlour games, pantomimes, ghost stories --Christmas fun in the great outdoors -- Love and marriage, Christmas style -- Preparations for Christmas -- Christmas dinner - trapped or bought? -- A change for children - People start to treat children as children -- The changing faces of Santa Claus
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Early Village Life

By Bobbie Kalman

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The farm began as a self-sufficient unit with neighbors sharing what resources they had with one another. As people congregated in an area, a village grew and businesses sprang up to meet the demand of a growing population.

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Food for the Settler

By Bobbie Kalman

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Nature's bounty usually provided the settler with everything they needed. Whatever these new farmers didn't know, the Native peoples taught them. Food for the settler shows how they caught it, grew it, and prepared it.

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Home Crafts

By Bobbie Kalman

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In the past, people could not buy all the goods they needed. Instead, they used and reused materials to make things for themselves. Leftover strips of cloth were woven into rag rugs, and cooking fat was burned in candles.
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19th Century Clothing

By Bobbie Kalman

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Ready-made clothing was not always available to the settlers moving westward. Many people dyed, spun, and wove wool and flax to make the cloth from which they sewed their clothes. People worked hard and wore practical clothing.
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Tools and Gadgets

By Bobbie Kalman

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Learn how to identify mystifying gadgets used in the past by farmers, millers, woodworkers, metalworkers, printers, and doctors.

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The Gristmill

By Bobbie Kalman

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Early pioneers would travel from far and wide to visit the gristmill for the essential service of having their grain ground. Communities often developed in areas where gristmills had been built.
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A Child's Day

By Bobbie Kalman

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How would a boy named John have lived 150 years ago?
John's home does not have a sink or plumbing. Instead, John keeps a pitcher of water and a washbowl in his bedroom for washing his face and hands in the morning.
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