Wireless Internet Access

Free access to the Central Rappahannock Regional Library's Internet network is provided in all public areas in the CRRL headquarters and all branches using your own wireless-enabled laptop computer or personal digital assistant (PDA).When you launch your Web browser, your computer's home page will appear and you may begin surfing immediately.


Getting started:

You will need a Wi-Fi-compliant 802.11b/g wireless Ethernet device installed in your laptop or PDA. Set your wireless network adapter's Network Identifier (also known as SSID or Network Name) to CRRL (case sensitive).

General Information:

What is Wi-Fi?
Wi-Fi enables a person with a wireless-enabled computer or personal digital assistant (PDA) to connect to the Internet when in proximity of an access point.

How can I make my equipment wireless enabled?
Many new laptops and PDAs come with Wi-Fi as a standard feature. Older devices can be outfitted with an 802.11b or 802.11g wireless network interface (NIC) card at local electronics and computer stores or by purchasing online. Consult your manual for specifications.

Guidelines for Using Wi-Fi at CRRL:

Who Can Use Wi-Fi?
Anyone who complies with the library's internet use policy may use our wireless access service. For the library's policies and information on appropriate Internet access from CRRL sites, please see "Use of Computer Resources Policy," online at LibraryPoint.org.

Do I need a library card?
A library card is not required.

Are there any additional guidelines?
Patrons are encouraged to use headphones when listening to audio files. As in any public place, patrons should safeguard personal belongings. Cords plugged into a patron's laptop should not block any library walkway or access to resources and materials.

Is the information on my laptop safe from hackers while I am connected?
The Library's wireless network is not secure. Information sent from or to your laptop can be captured by anyone else with a wireless device and the appropriate software, within three hundred feet. Using virus protection, a personal firewall, and other measures to protect the information on your laptop is highly recommended, and is the sole responsibility of the user. The Library is not responsible for any loss of information or damage to your equipment that might result from using the wireless network or other facilities of the library.

If I change my computer configuration to work at the library, will it still work at my home or other Wi-Fi locations?
Yes. If you changed your laptop's network configuration to make it work in the library, remember to change it back when you are at home, work, or other Wi-Fi location.

The Fine Print

NOTE: The following instructions are general guidelines and require that you understand how to configure and restore the settings of your own computer. Library staff is not able to provide technical assistance, and no guarantee can be provided that you will be able to make a wireless connection.

Wireless Card Settings:
Use the software that came with your wireless card or computer to configure the settings and to verify a connection to the library's wireless network.
SSID (network name) = CRRL (case sensitive)
WEP = disable WEP encryption
Mode or Network Type = Infrastructure mode or Access Point-NOT "Ad-Hoc"

If your operating system or particular device is not mentioned below, set your network options to "DHCP" for IP address assignment, and "CRRL" for network or SSID name. If your wireless network card software has the option to scan for the strongest signal, try that.

Windows 98 Network Settings:
1. From Control Panel, select Network.
2. Locate and highlight the TCP/IP protocol and Properties. If more than one TCP/IP protocol is listed, look for the one associated with your wireless adapter.
3. For IP Address, select "Obtain an IP address automatically."
4. For DNS, select "Disable DNS."
5. For WINS, select "Use DHCP for WINS Resolution."

Windows 2000 & XP Network Settings:
1. From Control Panel, select "Network and Dial-up Connections" or "Network and Internet Connections > Internet Connections."
2. Right-click on "Wireless Network Connection" or "Local Area Connection" and click Properties.
3. Locate the Internet TCP/IP protocol and get into its Properties. If more than one TCP/IP protocol is listed, look for the one associated with your wireless adapter.
4. Select "Obtain an IP address automatically" and "Obtain DNS server address automatically."
5. For XP, right click on "Wireless Network Connection" and select "View Available Wireless Networks." Select the name of the Library's wireless network (CRRL) and click "Connect."

Windows NT Network Settings:
1. From Control Panel, select Network.
2. Locate the TCP/IP protocol and get into its Properties. If more than one TCP/IP protocol is listed, look for the one associated with your wireless adapter.
3. Select "Obtain an IP address from a DHCP server" and click OK.

Macintosh Network Settings (OS 8 & 9):
1. Select: Apple Menu > Control Panel > TCP/IP.
2. Connect via "AirPort" or other wireless (Wi-Fi) Ethernet.
3. Configure "Using DHCP Server."
4. Leave Name Server and Additional Search domains blank.

Macintosh Network Settings (OS X):
1. Select: Apple Menu > System Preferences > Network button.
2. Select TCP/IP tab and Configure "Using DHCP."
3. Above the TCP/IP tab, you may need to Configure via "AirPort" or other wireless (Wi-Fi) Ethernet.
4. Leave Domain Name Servers and Search Domains blank.

Want more information? Check your wireless card manufacturer's Web support. To find links to product support sites, visit http://www.wi-fi.net/ (follow the Wi-Fi certified products link).

More Wi-Fi Web links:

Getting connected
http://www.microsoft.com/athome/intouch/wirelesshotspot.mspx
http://www.hp.com/sbso/wireless/use_public_hotspot.html
http://www.wi-fi.org/OpenSection/how_to_connect.asp?TID=2

Security information:
http://www.dslreports.com/faq/8696
http://www.microsoft.com/atwork/stayconnected/hotspots.mspx
http://www.jiwire.com/wi-fi-security-traveler-hotspot-1.htm
http://www.wi-fi.org/OpenSection/secure.asp?TID=2
http://www.g4techtv.ca/callforhelp/shownotes/0300.shtml?regular

Commercial products which provide VPN security to individual users:
http://www.jiwire.com/spotlock.htm
http://www.hotspotvpn.com/
http://publicvpn.com/

Directories of other public Wi-Fi hot spots:
http://www.wi-fihotspotlist.com/
http://intel.jiwire.com/index.htm?iid=sr+hotspot
http://www.wifinder.com/
http://www.wififreespot.com/
http://www.hotspot-locations.com/
http://www.technewsworld.com/hotspot-locator/