Freedom of Information Act
The Virginia Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), found in Virginia Code § 2.2-3704.1, guarantees citizens of the Commonwealth and representatives of the media access to public records held by public bodies, public officials, and public employees.
A public record is any writing or recording -- regardless of whether it is a paper record, an electronic file, an audio or video recording, or any other format -- that is prepared or owned by, or in the possession of a public body or its officers, employees or agents in the transaction of public business. All public records are presumed to be open and may only be withheld if a specific statutory exemption applies.
The purpose of FOIA is to promote an increased awareness by all persons of governmental activities. In furthering this policy, FOIA requires that its provisions be interpreted liberally, in favor of access, and that any exemption allowing public records to be withheld must be interpreted narrowly.
Requester’s FOIA Rights
- You have the right to request to inspect and/or receive copies of public records.
- You have the right to request that any charges for the requested records be estimated in advance.
- If you believe that your FOIA rights have been violated, you may file a petition in general district or circuit court to compel compliance with FOIA. Alternatively, you may contact the FOIA Council for a non-binding advisory opinion.
Making a Request for Records from CRRL
You may request records by mail, fax, email, in person, or over the phone. FOIA does not require that your request be in writing, nor do you need to specifically state that you are requesting records under FOIA. Nevertheless, the library would prefer requests to be submitted on the attached form.
From a practical perspective, it may be helpful to both you and the person receiving your request to put your request in writing using the attached form. This allows you to create a record of your request. It also gives the library a clear statement of which records you are requesting. However, the library cannot refuse to respond to your FOIA request if you elect to not put it in writing.
Your request must identify the records you are seeking with "reasonable specificity." This is a common-sense standard. It does not refer to or limit the volume or number of records that you are requesting; instead, it requires that you be specific enough so that the library can identify and locate the records that you are seeking.
You may only request existing records or documents. FOIA gives you a right to inspect or copy records; it does not apply to general questions about the work of the library and its public officers, officials, and employees, nor does it require the library to create a record that does not exist.
You may choose to receive electronic records in any format used by the library in the regular course of business.
For example, if you are requesting records maintained in an Excel database, you may elect to receive those records electronically, via email or on a flash drive, or to receive a printed copy of those records.
If the library has questions about your request, please cooperate with staff's efforts to clarify the type of records that you are seeking or to attempt to reach a reasonable agreement about a response to a large request. We may need to discuss your request with you to ensure that we understand which records you are seeking.
The library shall comply with the following procedures for processing a FOIA request.
FOIA requests should be directed to the FOIA Officer, as the centralized receiving center for FOIA requests.
ATTN: FOIA Officer
125 Olde Greenwich Dr, Ste 160
Fredericksburg, VA 22408
By phone: (540) 372-1144 (x7008)
By email: FOIArequest@crrl.org
After receipt of the request, the FOIA Officer will work with the appropriate library staff, as well as Board members, if appropriate.
If FOIA requests are initially received by any library department, official, or employee other than the FOIA Officer, the request shall immediately be forwarded to the FOIA Officer to follow the same centralized process detailed above.
If you have questions regarding accessing records from the library, please contact the FOIA Officer, at (540) 372-1144 (x7008).
In addition, the Freedom of Information Advisory Council is available to answer any questions you may have about FOIA. The Council may be contacted by email at email@example.com, or by phone at (804) 225-3056 or [toll free] 1-866-448-4100.
Responsibilities in Responding to Your Request
- The library must respond to your request within five (5) working days of receiving it. "Day One" is considered the day after your request is received. The five-day period does not include weekends, holidays, or other Library Administration Center closures.
- The reason behind your request for public records from the library is irrelevant, and you do not have to state why you want the records before the library responds to your request. FOIA does, however, allow the library to ask you to provide your name and legal address.
- FOIA requires that the library make one of the following responses to your request within the five-day period:
- Provide you with the records that you have requested in their entirety.
- Withhold all of the records that you have requested because all of the records are subject to a specific statutory exemption. If all of the records are being withheld, the library will send you a response in writing. That response will identify the volume and subject matter of the records being withheld and state the specific section of the Virginia Code that allows the library to withhold the records.
- Provide some of the records that you have requested but withhold other records. The library cannot withhold an entire record if only a portion of it is subject to an exemption. In that instance, the library may redact the portion of the record that may be withheld and will provide you with the remainder of the record. The library will provide you with a written response stating the specific section of the Virginia Code that allows portions of the requested records to be withheld.
- Inform you in writing that the requested records cannot be found or do not exist (the library does not have the records you want). However, if the library knows that another public body has the requested records, the library will include contact information for the other public body in its response to you.
- If, in practicality, it is impossible for the library to respond to your request within the five-day period, the library will state this in writing, explaining the conditions that make the response impossible. This will allow the library seven (7) additional working days, for a total of twelve (12) days, to respond to your request.
- If you make a request for a very large number of records, and the library feels that it cannot provide the records to you within twelve (12) working days without disrupting its other organizational responsibilities, the library may petition the circuit court for additional time to respond to your request. Prior to petitioning the court, FOIA requires that the library make a reasonable effort to reach an agreement with you concerning the time for producing the records.
- The library shall comply with the following procedures for responding to a FOIA request:
- Staff, within each applicable department, will provide all responsive records to Library Administration.
- Library Administration shall review all submitted, responsive records, ensuring all information required and allowed to be exempted, redacted or withheld under the FOIA statutes has been excluded or redacted. They will also appropriately document any information redacted or withheld in accordance with the FOIA statutes.
- All records will be transmitted to the FOIA Officer for final coordination. The FOIA Officer will then transmit all records to the requester.
- All Board members shall respond directly to the FOIA Officer.
- If, at any time during the process, the FOIA Officer has any legal questions about the records, responsiveness, exemptions, or information that shall/may be withheld or redacted, they may consult with the library legal representative.
- Delays in responding to a FOIA request:
- If the library needs clarification regarding a FOIA request, and the ambiguity can be cleared up by communication with the requester, the FOIA Officer or a director shall contact the requester.
- If the FOIA Officer determines that the library will not be able to respond to a FOIA request within the statutory five (5) working days, they shall communicate to the requester the need for more time and approximately how long the library needs to respond to the request.
- The FOIA Officer shall communicate the need for an extension in writing, invoking the statutory additional seven (7) working days.
- If more than seven (7) days are necessary, the FOIA Officer shall try to reach a reasonable agreement with the requester for more time. If a reasonable agreement cannot be reached, the FOIA Officer shall contact the library’s legal representative to petition the circuit court for additional time.
- Please see the section below concerning cost and deposits with regards to further possible delays in response.
- You may have to pay for the records that you request from the library. FOIA allows the library to charge for the actual costs of responding to FOIA requests. This would include items such as staff time spent searching for the requested records, copying costs, or any other costs directly related to supplying the requested records. This cannot include general overhead costs.
- The library must notify you that a reasonable charge may apply for accessing, copying, supplying, or searching for the requested record and ask if you would like a cost estimate for the request prior to providing the records. This will allow you to know about any costs up front or give you the opportunity to modify your request in an attempt to lower the estimated costs. Once a cost estimate is provided, the statutory time limits provided do not continue to run until you give the library permission to proceed by approving the estimate or by paying a deposit when required below.*
- Responses to FOIA requests that require 30 minutes or less of an individual staff member's time will not be charged to you.
- If the library estimates that it will cost more than $200 to respond to your request, the library will require you to pay a deposit, not to exceed the amount of the estimate, before proceeding with your request. The five (5) days that the library has to respond to your request do not include the time between the library asking for a deposit and when you respond.
- All deposits shall be paid by check or money order made payable to the library and delivered to Suite 180 of the Library Administration Center. Checks and money orders will be held and only deposited once the request is complete. Any outstanding balance due must be paid before or at the time the responding records are released. Any balance remaining from the deposit shall be returned to the requester.
- If you owe the library money from a previous FOIA request that has remained unpaid for more than 30 days, the library may require payment of the past-due bill before it will respond to your new FOIA request.
- Within 30 days, if the library does not receive a response to the cost estimate approving the estimate by providing permission to proceed with the records production request or payment of the deposit as required above, the records request will be deemed withdrawn.
- The fees charged for staff response time shall be based on the actual amount of time individually spent responding to the FOIA request. Time of staff shall be charged based on the following formula:
- (FOIA response fee) = (Time to respond in hours) X (hourly pay rate or equivalent for salaried employees)
- The library will take all reasonable precautions to keep staff time and cost at a minimum, including using lower paid staff members capable of retrieving records to respond to a request. However, in situations where a staff member is required to search through their own email and files contained on their individual library computer or other device, it shall not be unreasonable for that individual staff member to retrieve the requested records and charge a FOIA response fee corresponding to their salary.
- Fees charged for supplies, duplications, etc. shall be as follows
- Copies: $.02 per page
- Flash drive: $5.00 per drive
- Mail: Actual cost to mail the request
The Virginia Code allows any public body to withhold certain records from public disclosure. The library may withhold records subject to the following exemptions:
- Records subject to attorney-client privilege (Virginia Code § 2.2-3705.1(2)) or attorney work product (Virginia Code § 2.2-3705.1(3))
- Records relating to the negotiation and award of a contract, prior to a contract being awarded (Virginia Code § 2.2-3705.1(12))
- Appraisals and cost estimates of real property subject to a proposed purchase, sale, or lease, prior to the completion of such purchase, sale, or lease (Virginia Code § 2.23705.1(8))
- Personnel records (Virginia Code § 2.2-3705.1(1))
- Library patron records (Virginia Code § 2.2-3705.7(3))
For a full list of exemptions, see Virginia Code Chapter 37.
Policy regarding the use of Exemptions
- It is the library’s general policy to exempt any and all records that are allowed to be exempted, redacted, or excluded from production by law.
- Any record exempt under the Virginia Code which the custodian of the record has the option of disclosing shall not be disclosed.
- The Library Director or their designee has the authority to give assurances on behalf of the Board of Trustees in order to control the release of proprietary information. Such agreements or assurances are to be treated as promises of confidentiality pursuant to Va. Code § 2.2-3705.6(3).* Required policy statement pursuant to Virginia Code § 2.2-3704.1(A)(6), “A public body may make reasonable charges not to exceed its actual cost incurred in accessing, duplicating, supplying, or searching for the requested records and shall make all reasonable efforts to supply the requested records at the lowest possible cost. No public body shall impose any extraneous, intermediary, or surplus fees or expenses to recoup the general costs associated with creating or maintaining records or transacting the general business of the public body. Any duplicating fee charged by a public body shall not exceed the actual cost of duplication. Prior to conducting a search for records, the public body shall notify the requester in writing that the public body may make reasonable charges not to exceed its actual cost incurred in accessing, duplicating, supplying, or searching for requested records and inquire of the requester whether he would like to request a cost estimate in advance of the supplying of the requested records as set forth in subsection F of § 2.2-3704 of the Code of Virginia.”